Dudwa Tiger Reserve, Uttar Pradesh
Dudwa Tiger Reserve constitutes of mosaic
of grasslands, marshes, lakes and sal (Shorea robusta) forests.
It is as wild as can be.
Duliwa Tiger, situated on the Indo-Nepal border in District
Lakhimpur-Kheri of Uttar Pradesh, with an area of 614 sq.
km. is one of the finest of the few remaining examples of
the excedingly diverse and productive terai eco-systems. The
northern edge of the Reserve lies along the Indo-Nepal border
and the southern boundary is marked by the River Suheli. It
is home to a large number of rare and endangered species which
include tiger, leopard, swamp deer, hispid hare, Bengal flovican,
The Kishanpur Sanctuary, located about 30 km. from Dudwa,
is the other constituent of the Reserve, spread over-about
200-sq. km., lies on the banks of the River Sharda and is
surrounded by sal forests of the adjoining reserved forests.
The grasslands of the Reserve are the habitat of the largest
kind of Indian deer - the swamp deer or the bavasingha, so
called because of their magnificent antlers (bara- twelve;
singha-antler). Decline in their habitats led to a drastic
decline in numbers and a small area named Sonaripur Sanctuary
was set aside in 1958 for the conservation of this rare species
of deer. Later, it was upgraded to cover an area of 212 sq.
km. and was renamed the Dudwa Sanctuary. In 1977, the area
was further extended to include over 614 sq. km. And was declared
a National Park. Eleven years later, in 1988, when Dudwa became
a part of Project Tiger, the area of the Kishanpur Sanctuary
was added to create the Dudwa Tiger Reserve. About 1800 barasingha
are to be found in the Reserve and majestic herds are especially
seen in the grassy wetlands of the Sathiana and Kakmha blocks.
Dudwa has also the ideal kind of tervainfov the Indian vhino,
once found here in large numbers, hunted down and had completely
disappeared from this area by 1878. More lately, it was feared
that epidemics and disease would wipe out the existing populations
of rhino in Assam, West Bengal and Nepal and a decision was
taken to distribute some in other suitable areas. In an exciting
experiment, one male and five female rhinos were relocated
here from Assam and Nepal, in 1985. Now well settled in Dudwa,
their numbers have increased. At present, tourists are not
allowed in the rhino area.
The Reserve has also a fair density of tigers. Standing as
it does at the top of the food chain, the tiger can only be
protected by the total conservation of its natural environment
and the Project Tiger has reinforced this at Dudwa. Despite
its numbers, sightings of the tiger are rare, due to the dense
nature of the forest cover.
Dudwa did have a large herd of elephants during the 1960's
and 70's a herd of about 30 that migrated here after the destruction
of their habitat in Nepal. They have returned since to a little
sanctuary across the border in Nepal. The Reserve, however,
does have range of fascinating wildlife. Included in their
number are sloth bear, ratel, civet, jackal, the lesser cats
like the leopard cat, fishing cat and jungle cat; varieties
of deer - the beautiful spotted deer or chital, hog deer and
barking deer The hispid hare, a dark brown animal with bristly
fur - last seen in the area in 1951 and believed to have become
extinct, was rediscovered in 1984 to the great interest of
conservationists. The short nosed crocodile - the mugger and
otters can be seen along the riverbanks as weII as pythons
and monitor lizards.
A bird watchers' haven, Dudwa is noted for its avian variety
- about 400 species. Its swamps and several lakes attract
varieties of waterfowl. Being close to the Himalayan foothills,
Dudwa also gets its regular winter visitors - the migratory
water birds. The Banke Tal is perhaps the most popular spot
for bird watchers. There are egrets, cormorants, herons and
several species of duck, geese and teal.
Noted for the variety of storks that make their home here,
Dudwa has the sarus crane - elegant in its grey and red livery,
black necked storks, white necked storks, painted storks,
open billed storks and adjutant storks. Raptors like the grey
headed fishing eagle, PaIlas fishing eagle and marsh harriers
can be seen circling over the lakes in search of prey - creating
pandemonium among the waterfowl as they swoop low.
An extraordinary range of owls are also to be found a t the
Reserve. These include the great Indian horned owl, the brown
Fish owl, the dusky horned owl, scops owl, jungle ow2et, the
brown wood owl, and tawny fish owl. Colourful birds - varieties
of woodpeckers, barbets, minivets, bulbuls, kingfishers, bee-eaters,
orioles, drongos and hornbi2ls are all part of its rich bird
A rather fragile paradise, Dudwa is a noteworthy attempt at
preserving a natural biosphere for the coming generations.
Wildlife that can be sighted :
Tiger, swamp deer, hog deer, barking deer,
sambar, wild boar, sloth bear, rhesus monkey, langur, crocodile,
jackal, leopard etc. Resident birds include hornbills, jungle
fowl, peafowl, partridges, woodpeckers, thrushes, orioles,
bee-eaters, baya, minivets, roller, drongos, bulbuls, etc.
Rivers, nalas and ponds which comprise roughly 2% of the Reserve
area attract birds like clucks, geese, cormorants, ibis, herons,
storks, kites, fishing eagles, etc.
General Details :
the Indo-Nepal border in the Lakhimpur-Kheri District
of Uttar Pradesh.
(Kheri), UP, India
meters Nearest Town: Palia