HILLSTATIONS OF JAMMU & KASHMIR
Gulmarg, initially known as 'Gaurimarg' Emperor
Jahangir's favorite, situated at an altitude of 2,730m in
the state of Jammu & Kashmir. It lies 56 kms west of Srinagar,
and has an excellent view of Nanga Parbhat. The name `Gulmarg'
means Meadow of Flowers with an excellent trekking base. In
winter it used to be India's premier skiing resort. Gulmarg
gets very cold at times. The huts are winterised meaning that
they are insulated form the cold outside, and are ideal to
stay in during the winter. The huts are fully furnished with
attached kitchens and a cylinder of gas for cooking can be
hired from the tourist office.
Leh, situated at an altitude of 3,500 m,
is in a fertile side valley of the Indus about 10 km from
the river. Located in the state of Jammu & Kashmir, it developed
as a trading post and market. It's population size is 90,000.,
while It receives annual rainfall of 1,780 mm. It's quite
hot when sun is up but in the shade it can still be very cold.
Leh has worldwide direct dial telephone facility. Ladakh is
a high altitude cold desert with a low level of atmospheric
Pahalgam is situated at an altitude of 2,400
m in the state of Jammu & Kashmir. The beautiful Lidder river
flows through the town, which is at the junction of the Sheshnag
and Lidder rivers and is surrounded by fir covered mountains
with snowcapped peaks rising behind them. It is an ideal base
for longer treks to Kolahoi Glacier and Amarnath Cave. Pahalgam
is also famous for it's shepherds. It is the most crowded
during July and August when thousands of pilgrims converge
on the town on their way to the cave shrine of Amarnath, a
45 km trek away. Pahalgam itself is little more than a single
street on the banks of the Lidder river. The Lidder Valley
is full of streams and is surrounded by mountains and glaciers.
Sonamarg is situated at an altitude of 2,740
m in the state of Jammu & Kashmir. The name Sonamarg means
`Path of Gold'. It is last major town in Kashmir before the
Zoji La and Ladakh and is a trekking base, especially useful
for those heading to Gangabal Lake. It's name may derive from
it's past importance as a feeder to the Great Silk Road, or
more likely , because of it's carpet of spring flowers. It
is believed that the legendary spring has the power to turn
anything into gold. This valley by the Sindh river has beautiful
forests of silver fir and blue pine.
Srinagar is the capital city of Jammu & Kashmir.
It is situated at an altitude of 1,730 m. Srinagar's population
size is 725,000. It receives over 650 mm rainfall per annum.
More than 50% of this is due to western disturbances. Srinagar
is located around a number of lakes, of which Dal lake is
the best known. The city is divided into two by the river