Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary, Alwar
kms from Alwar
Time to Visit
Overa-Aru Biosphere Reserve located 76 km
from Srinagar, near Pahalgam, it has an area of 32 sq km.
Several species of birds as well as fauna are found here --
musk deer, brown bear, leopard to name a few. The altitudinal
range varies from 3,000 to 5,425 meters above sea level. Prime
viewing time for the upper areas is from May to August In
the lower areas, for bird viewing the best time is March to
May and for animal viewing from September to March. Accommodation
in two bedroom huts is available. For passes contact the Regional
wildlife Warden, Srinagar.
The Sariska Tiger Reserve is just 40 kms.
from Alwar and about 107 Kms. from Jaipur and 200 Kms. form
Delhi. The sanctuary can be visited all year-round except
during July-August when animals move to higher ground. The
senctuary is in a wooded valley surrounded by barren mountains.
'Dhok' (Anogeissus pendula) is the dominant tree species of
the lower hill slopes, forming almost the pure crop. On higher
and steeper slopes it is replaced by strands of 'Salar' (Boswellia
serrata) trees and in the valleys by 'Ber' (Zizyphus species),
'Dhak' (Butea monosperma), 'Ronj' (Acacia leucophloea and
khair (Acacia catechu). Sariska has a very good population
of sambhar, chital, nilgai, four-horned antelope, wild boar
and common langur. The caracal and jungle cat, Porcupines,
purely nocturnal rodents, are conspicuous after sunset. Water
holes have been created at number of spots in the sanctuary.
These water holes are now acting as the nerver centers of
the sanctuary. Common birds at Sariska are partridges (Grey
and black), peacock, red spurfowl, pigeons (blue, rock and
green),qualis.Sand grous, parakeets baya,kits,eagle and vultures.
You see mainly deer during the two-hour tour, most of them
fleeing in panicat the approach, at tremendous speed, of a
lurching minibus full of screaming tourists with a man halfway
out of the cab waving a spotlight and shouting excitedly.
A better way to see the game is to hook a 'hide' overlooking
one of the waterholes for Rs 10 (Rs 20 for foreigners). Take
along food, drink and a sleeping bag(mattersses are provided).
Entry to the park costs Rs 2 (Rs 10 for foreigners)
Number of spots of historical importance are scattered all
over the reserve. Pandu Pol temple narrates the stroy of the
Mahabharat period when the mighty Bhim was taught a lesson
on humility. The ruins of Ghar Rajor date back of 9th and
10th century. A.D. Here an area of approximately three square
kilometers is literally covered with invaluable pieces of
rare sculptures and architecture. Historians believe that
some of the art pieces were carved as early as in the 4th
or 5th enctruy A.D. A stone incription of 10th centruy mentions
about the destruction caused to the structures by an earthquake.
Only three monuments that survived the earthquake present
some glimpses of the past glory of the area. These are Neelkanth
temple of Lord Shiva, a 16 feet high. Single stone statue
of a Jain Tirthankar and a temple of Thankuriji. The ruins
of Kankwari Fort reminds the visitor of the events of the
17th centruy. Bharathari is a sacred Place for thousands of
Hindus living in the adjoining areas.The place is named after
Raja Bharathari of Ujjain who meditated here for a number
of years before finally taking 'Samadhi' on 8th of 'Shukla-Paksha
in the Bhadon month of the Hindu calendar. Devotees, in hundreds
of thousands from far and near,gather here on this day every
year to commemorate the event. The area is well forested and
is served by a perennial stream of water. It has a good population
of Hanuman langurs. Tal Vrakhsha,located about 20 kms. fromt
he Sariska comples, is another interesting place. It is believed
that a Rishi (saint) Mandava lived and meditated here and
he acquired divine knowledge at this spot. He worshipped lord
Shiva and for salvation of the people living in the region,
brought the sacred river Ganga', in the form of two streams
of hot and cold water to this area. Temples of Ganga Mata
and Lord Shiva still attract devotees to the area. Tal Vrakhsha
now has a small grove of Arjun trees with a large population
of rhesus monkeys. Both these places are worth visiting.
Sariska Palace built in 1892 - 1900 as hunting
campy by the erstwhile ruler of Alwar is now a lusury hotel,Sariska
is open to visitors throughout the year but the best season
to observe wildlife is during winter months, i.e. from November
to March. The rajasthan Tourism Dev. Corpn.ruins a hotel and
also provides transport on hire to visit the sancturary.