| Cities | Historical
It is the capital city of the modern state and the ancient kingdom
of Kalinga, Bhubaneswar is known as the Temple City of India. Among
the finest of its 600 temples is the Lingaraja Temple of Shiva,
built in the 11th century. It is also the biggest in Bhubaneswar.
Close to the Bindu Sagar Tank, the Vaital has a double storey 'wagon
roof' , an influence from Buddhist cave architecture . Further north
the Lakshamaneshwar is a very plain temple. Dating from the 7th
century, it is one of the earliest specimens of Orissan architecture
and acts as a gateway to the city .
The museum is opposite the Hotel Ashok Kalinga and has an interesting
collection relating to Orissan history, culture and architecture
and to the various Orissan tribes. The Tribal Research Bureau is
The museum is open from 10 am to 1 pm
and from 2 to 4
pm daily, except Mondays.
Udayagiri & Khandgiri Caves
About five km out of Bhubaneshwar , the two hills flanking the road
on each side are riddled with caves. On the right, of the road is,
Udayagiri, or Sunrise Hill.
On the coast , 55km from Bhubaneshwar, Puri is one of the four
holiest cities in India . The city revolves around the great Jagannath
Temple and its famous 'Rath Yatra' or 'Car Festival'. The beach
: Puri has a fine stretch of white sand from which Indian pilgrims
bathe in their customary, fully attired manner. Orissan fishers,
wearing conical straw hats,guide bathers out through the surf.
Konarak is on the coast, 64 km from Bhubaneshwar and only about
33 km north of Puri. The site consist of a little more than the mighty
temple and a handfull of shops , stalls and paces to stay . Pipli
: Athe junction where the Konark road branches from the Bhubaneshwar
to Puri road, this small village is notable for its appliqué
colourful materials are used to make temple umbrellas and wall hangings.
South of Puri, Chilka Lake is doted with islands and is noted
for the many migratory birds which flock here in winter (December
to January) . The shallow lake is about 70 km long and averages
15 km wide, and is supposely one of the largest brackish-water lakes
in the country.
Only 35 km north of Bhubaneshwar, this riverine city was the
capital of Orissa until the new city was constructed at Bhubaneshwar.
Balasore is the first major town on the railway line from Calcutta
in north Orissa. It was once important trading centre with Dutch,
Danish, English and French Factories .
The Similipal National Park is in the north-east of the state, 250
km from Calcutta and 320 km from Bhubaneshwar. It is well known for
its varied wildlife including tigers, leopards and elephants.
A historic place of pilgrimage, Jajpur situated on the bank of river
vaitarani, has the sacred shrines of mother Goddess Viraja (Durga),
Sveta Varha (incarnation of Lord Vishnu as the white boar), Sapta
Matruka and a host of other shrines.
How to Get There : The nearest railhead is at Jajpur-Keonjhar Road
on the Howrah-Chennai main line of the S. E. Railway from where
one can reach Jajpur by an all-weather motorable road. Jajpur is
92 km from Cuttack by road.
Where to stay : Viraja Panthasala of Orissa Tourism (Tel. 20029),
Contact Tourist Office , Cuttack, (Tel. 612225) for booking and
Phulbanis, the headquarters town of Kandhamal district, has varieties
of attractions with a rich Tribal Culture. Balaskumpa, 18 km from
Phulbani house goddess Barala Devi, Putudi is a place of natural
beauty having a charming waterfall-15 km. Chakapad is renowned for
the Shiva Temple of Lord Birupaksha and Learning Trees on the river
Brutunga-60 km, Charisambhu, otherwise known as Jagati, has the
temple of Lord Charisambhu Ananta Vishnu –85 km.
Bhawanipatna, the headquarters of Kalahandi District, is a town of
numerous temples dedicated to different deities of Hindu pantheon.
Named after its presiding deity ‘Bhawanishankar’, it is the most convenient
base for touring various places of interest in the district and the
nearby district of Nawapara.
An ancient centre of diamond trade, Sambalpur is famous for its
tie and dye textiles; folk dance and music; and also for the Hirakud
Dam, one of the longest mainstream dams in the world.
Keonjhar, the district headquarters town, has varieties of attractions
like Vishnu Temple, Jagannath Temple and on its outskirts the shrines
of Siddha Jagannath, Siddha Kali and Panchabati amidst picturesque
settings. Sitabinji, 30 km. from keonjhar, on river Sita, is a place
having ancient fresco painting on a rock shelter called Ravan
having exciting water falls, are most popular picnic spots. 50 km
from Keonjhar is Ghatgaon, home to Goddess Tarini. Also Gonasika,
the origin of river Vaitarani, surrounded by a series of valleys
and wooded hills, is a place of pilgrimage for the shrine of Lord
Brahmeswar Shiva – 45 km.
How to get there
Keonjhar is linked with Calcutta, Bhubaneswar (227km), Ranchi, Tata
and important places of the State by regular bus services. The nearest
railhead is J. K. Road – 114 km.
Hotel Ajanta, Tel : 3372, Hotel Plaza, Tel : 2246, Labanya Bhawan,
Tel : 2507, Hotel Baral, Tel : 2725, Hotel Mayur, Tel : 2245.
It spread over 1,100 sq. km. Chilika is the country’s largest inland
lake. Dotted with islands, it has the richest variety of aquatic
fauna and is a bird watcher’s paradise when migratory birds arrive
in winter. Sunset and Sunrise are memorable experiences here. Boating
and fishing facilities are available in this lake, which is rich
One can view the dolphins at Chilika mouth near Satpara. For cruising
and visiting the islands, one can make use of the motor launches
of the OTDC at Barkul and Rambha, and of the Revenue Department
at Balugaon. Private boats are also available. OTDC organises water
sports in Chilika at the Water Sports Complex, located at Barkul.
How to get there : The nearest airport is Bhubaneswar, 100 km away.
The Calcutta-Chennai rail route touches Chilika Lake at Balugaon,
Chilika Khallikote and Rambha. National Highway No. 5 runs along
the lake and touches Balugaon, Barkul and Rambha. Buses and Taxis
are available from Cuttack, Bhubaneswar, Puri and Berhampur to Chilika.
OTDC provides luxury coaches and cars from Bhubaneswar and Puri.
Puri, the city by the sea, is a major pilgrim centre in India. Adi
Shankara founded one of the Peethas here. Puri is also famous for
its Golden Beach, ideal for swimming and surfing.
Konark completes the Golden Triangle of Bhubaneswar, Puri and Konark
for the best of Orissan temple architecture. The Temple Chariot
of the Sun God (Black Pagoda) on the sands of the bay of Bengal
is a 13th century architectural marvel. Lingaraj temple.
Paradeep, a major sea port of India for trade activities with a
fine sea beach, is an enjoyable tourist resort – 94 km from Cuttack.
Important pilgrim centre Kendrapara is 65 km from Cuttack. Known
as Tulasi Kshetra it is famous for the temple of Lord Baladeva.
A grand car festival is held here annually which draws a mammoth
The Ocean Drop tank just north of the great temple is said to contain
water from every holy stream, pool and tank in India. Consequently
, when it comes to washing away sin this is the tank that washes
whitest. There are a number of temples and shrines scattered around
the tank, ones at the Lingaraj Temple.
Close to the main Bhubaneshwar to puri road, on the same side
as the Lingaraj Temple, the 'Grove of the Perfect Beings' is a cluster
of about 20 smaller temples, including some of the most important
It spreads over 1,100 sq. km. Chilika is the country’s largest inland
lake. Dotted with islands, it has the richest variety of aquatic fauna
and is a bird watcher’s paradise when migratory birds arrive in winter.
Sunset and Sunrise are memorable experiences here. Boating and fishing
facilities are available in this lake, which is rich in fish. One
can view the dolphins at Chilika mouth near Satpara. For cruising
and visiting the islands, one can make use of the motor launches of
the OTDC at Barkul and Rambha, and of the Revenue Department at Balugaon.
Private boats are also available. OTDC organises water sports in Chilika
at the Water Sports Complex, located at Barkul.
How to get there
The nearest airport is Bhubaneswar, 100 km away. The Calcutta-Chennai
rail route touches Chilika Lake at Balugaon, Chilika Khallikote and
Rambha. National Highway No. 5 runs along the lake and touches Balugaon,
Barkul and Rambha. Buses and Taxis are available from Cuttack, Bhubaneswar,
Puri and Berhampur to Chilika. OTDC provides luxury coaches and cars
from Bhubaneswar and Puri.
Jeypore , the commercial nerve centre of Koraput district,
endowed with falls and forests thronged with colourful wildlife
has all such facilities to serve as the convenient base for visiting
the places of interest in and around.
It is famous for the Steel Plant, Rourkela has the beautiful Indira
Gandhi Park and with a zoo. The Hanuman Batika in the centre of
the city is also added attraction. It is the most convenient base
for visiting other interesting places in Sundargarh district.
the road and about 100 metres to the right ,the Raj Rani stands
alone in a green field. Its one of the latest of the Bhubaneshwar
temples and is particularly finely sited. Brahmeswar : About a km
east of the main road , the Brahmeshwar temple stands in a courtyard
flanked by four smaller structures with erotic and sometimes amusing
elements - such as the young lady with the surprised look of her
face, no doubt due to her lovers hand in her pants! The temple dates
from the 9th century.