Bay of Bengal 92 deg. to 94 deg. Longitude 6 deg. to 14 deg. North Latitude
The Andamans are a group of more than 500 islands many of which are still uninhabited. The islands stretch into the territory of some 750 km from north to south in the Bay of Bengal. These islands are now being developed and will soon be major tourist centres.
The islands have brilliant
tropical flora. The islands are endowed with evergreen thick forests and
tropical trees with mangrove swamps on the water's edge. Part of the islands
are hilly. The beaches have white sand and coral reef , unpolluted sparkling
clear water which is excellent for snorkeling.
Andaman & Nicobar Islands is a Union Territory,
stretched over an area of more than 700 Kms. from north to south with 36
inhabited islands. Once a hill range extending from Burma (Myanmar) to Indonesia,
these undulating islands are covered with dense forests and endless variety
of exotic flowers and birds.
Adventure tourism like
trekking, island camping, snorkeling, scuba diving etc., are the real
attractions. A visit to these islands is a memorable lifetime experience.
Mythologically, the name
Andaman was presumed to be derived from Hanuman, who was known to the
Malays as Handuman. Since Prehistoric times, these islands were the home
of aboriginal tribes. The tribes of, the Andaman group of islands are
the Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas, and Sentinatese, all of Negrito
origin, while the tribes of Nicobars are the Nicobarese and Shompens,
both of Mongoloid stock.
The first settlement by
the British took place in 1789, which was later abandoned in 1796. The
second settlement was basically a penal settlement, taken up in 1858,
after the First War of Independence, followed by the settlement of convicts,
Moplas, some criminal tribes from Central and United Provinces, refugees
from erstwhile East Pakistan, Burma and Sri Lanka as well as ex-servicemen.
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National
Park is rich in corals, varieties of colored fishes, sea turtles etc.,
besides other marine life. It is a birds paradise - more than 271 varieties
of birds inhabit the idyllic landscape, out of which 39 are endemic. Megapode,
Swiftlet, Hornbill and Nicobar Pigeon are some of the specialties of the
Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
A & N Administration, Port Blair-744 101. Tel:03192- 20694/30933/20747. Fax:30933.