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major cities of Madhya Pradesh

Info | Cities | Historical | Pilgrimage | Hilstations | Adventure | Wildlife


Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh combines scenic beauty, historicity and modern urban planning. It is situated on the site of an 11th century city, Bhojapal, founded by Raja Bhoja. Bhopal today presents a multi-faceted profile; the old city with its teeming market places and fine old mosques and palaces still bear the aristocratic imprint of its former rulers; among them the succession of powerful Begums who ruled Bhopal from 1819 to 1926. Equally impressive is the new city with its verdant, exquisitely laid out parks and gardens, broad avenues and streamlined modern edifices.



Gwalior is famous for its old and very large fort. Within the fort walls are several interesting temples and ruined palaces. The dramatic and colourful history of the great fort goes back to over 1000 years. Gwalior is dominated by its fort which tops the long hill to the north of Lashkar the new town. The old town is situated in the north east of the fort.



Indore city which is 55 kms from Ujjain was built by Rani Ahilya Bai, the brave Holkar queen. It is the centre of trade and textile industry. Indore is situated on the Malwa plateau, on the banks of two small streams- the Khan and the Saraswati, which unite at the centre of the city where a small 18th century temple of Sangamnath exists. The combined stream flows into the famed chambal river.



About 295 k.m south-east of Bhopal, located is the large city of Jabalpur. The city famous today for the gorge on the Narmada River known as Marble Rocks. Today Jabalpur is a major administrative and educational center and the army headquarters for the states of Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. Jabalpur's active Christian community maintains a number of Christian schools, colleges and churches scattered throughout the cantonment area. There are about 500 students from East Africa studying at the University here.



Mandu, a small town is 100 km. from Indore. It has seen a long history. Founded as a fortress and a retreat in 10th century , became an important centre by 13th century and today , stands like a ghost city. It has seen it all . But the spirit of the city is still alive. Rightly, it was called 'city of joy'.



The modern village of Khajuraho is a cluster of hotels, restaurants, shops and stalls, near the western group of temples. The government of India tourist office is here. There are also offices at the airport and the bus stand which can be helpful with booking accommodations in the height of the season. The largest and most important temples are in the attractively landscaped western enclosure in this area. A km or so east of the bus stand is the old village of Khajuraho. Around it are the temples of the eastern group and to the south are two further groups of temples. During the tourist season, dance displays are staged at the modern purpose-built Chandella Cultural Center. Foreigners have to pay a rip-off US$ 5 for tickets. The tourist office is said to reviewing its discriminatory pricing policy.



Pachmarhi is Madhya Pradesh's most verdant jewel, a place where nature has found exquisite expression in myriad enchanting ways.Green shades embrace the mountains, and everywhere is heard the gentle murmur of flowing water. Bridle paths lead into tranquil forest glades, groves of wild bamboo and jamun, dense sal forests and delicate bamboo thickets. Complementing the magnificence of nature are the works of man; Pachmarhi is also an archaeological treasure-house. In cave shelters in the Mahadeo Hills is an astonishing richness in rock paintings. Most of these have been placed in the period 500-800 AD, but the earliest paintings are an estimated 10,000 years old.



Sanchi is little more than a small village at the foot of the hill on which the site is located. The site is open daily from dawn to dusk and tickets are available from the kiosk outside the museum. Entry costs Rs. 5 which covers both the site and the museum. Itís worth buying a copy of the Sanchi guidebook, published by the Archaeological Survey of India. Thereís also a museum guidebook on sale here. At the crossroads, the Mrignayni Emporium sells local handicrafts including batik bed covers, pillow cases, bell-metal figures, and wall hangings.



The railway line divides the city : the old section, including the bazzar and most of the temples and ghats, are to the north west of the city, and the new section is on the south east side. The majority of hotels are in front of the railway station. Tourist information is available at the station and the Shipra Hotel. Modern Ujjain is situated on the banks of the river Shipra, regarded since times immemorial as sacred. The belief in the sacredness of Shipra, has its origins in the ancient Hindu mythological tale of churning of the Ocean by the Gods and the Demons, with Vasuki, the serpent as the rope.

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