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Uttar Pradesh
Info | Cities | Historical | Pilgrimage | Hilstations | Adventure | Wildlife

Geographic Features:
Area: 2,94,411 sq. km.
Population(1991 Census): 13.91 crore



Uttar Pradesh ,which literally means Northern Province, is a large state having about 294,411 sq. km. of area and housing about 166 million people. Its one of the most dominant states of India in political arena since independence .

Often referred to as 'Hindi Belt' , the state has produced India's 8 of the 12 prime ministers so far. This is partly because it is the most populous state - it has as many inhabitants as Brazil -and partly because of the central role the region plays in the religious landscape of Hindus.

The Ganges River, which forms the backbone of Uttar Pradesh, is the sacred river of Hinduism, and four of the religion's seven holy towns are in the state, including Varanasi, the holiest of them all.

Uttar Pradesh is also a place of major importance to Buddhists, for it was at Sarnath, just outside Varanasi, that the Buddha first preached his message of the middle way.

Most of Uttar Pradesh consists of the vast Ganges plain, an area of awesome flatness and highly fertile land. The people of this area are predominantly poor, uneducated farmers, whose unequal share in the wealth and resources enjoyed by the state's urbanites is a matter of social concern. In stark contrast to the plains, the scenic north-western corner has hill stations sprinkled along the foothills of the Himalayas. It offers some excellent trekking opportunities and rises to form some of the highest mountains in India. Nanital, Ranikhet, Mussoorie, Dehradoon are some of the important hill stations of this place .

The capital of the state is Lucknow, the land of  'Nawabs'. Though the city is rapidly modernising , it still has kept its past glory.

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